5 AREAS OF DEVELOPMENT
For our Preschoolers
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Emotional development is how we identify and understand our own feelings, and how we manage the way we feel and how we treat others. It helps us build and keep good relationships with friends, family and others. A child's positive relationship with trusting and nurturing parents and teachers is the key to successful emotional development.
There is an abundment of scientific evidence that tells us that "emotional development begins early in life, possibly beginning in a mother's womb. The first three years is the "critical development of overall brain architecture, and that it has enormous consequences over the course of a lifetime". The emotional experiences of the child with their parents and/or teacher occur most commonly during their interactions with each other. Cuddling, feeding, changing, playing etc.....
Social development is the ability to understand the feelings of others and how interact with them and get along with them. Social development most often refers to how people develop friendships and other relationships, as well how we handle conflict. Social development can affect all areas of development just as emotional development. A child’s ability to socialize in appropriate ways with the children and the adults around them can affect all areas of development. From building self esteem, to learning new words and phrases, to making friends, to resolving conflicts and to handle life's challenges as they mature.
Children's early responsive relationships with their parents and/or caregivers is the foundation on which social competency and peer relationships are built. "Parents who support positive emotional development interact with their children affectionately; show consideration for their feelings, desires and needs; express interest in their daily activities; respect their viewpoints; express pride in their accomplishments; and provide encouragement and support during times of stress. This support greatly increases the likelihood that children will develop early emotional competence, will be better prepared to enter school, and less likely to display behavior problems at home and at school."
Language development is very important. Without some form of language people can't let others know what they want or need nor can they express what's important to them. Language helps us build relationships with others.
"Most researchers agree that children acquire language through interplay of biology and environmental factors" A challenge for linguists is to figure out how nature and nurture come together to influence language learning". They do all agree that our earlier years are crucial to brain development.
" During these years, the circuits in children’s brains become wired for how their own language sounds. An infant’s repeated exposure to words clearly helps her brain build the neural connections that will enable her to learn more words later on. Language can be learned a multitude of ways, like casual conversation, songs, rhymes, reading, music, story telling and much more. Early stimulation sets the stage for how children will learn and interact with others throughout life"
Cognitive development is extremely important. It refers to how a person understands themselves and how things work in the world. This is through language development, reasoning and memory. Scientific evidence suggest that if the brain does not receive the appropriate sensory stimulation during the first three years, it is extremely difficult to achieve those skills later in life. "By the time children reach age three, their brains are twice as active as those of adults".
Motor development is an action that involves are muscles. There are two types of motor development. Gross motor development and fine motor development . Gross motor skills are movements we make with are arms and legs. Fine motor development are smaller movements we make using our fingers, toes and even our lips and tongues.
Again, the first few years is also important for both fine and gross motor development "Primary motor circuits that connect to the cerebellum, which controls posture and coordination, forge during the first two years. It is during this period that the child begins to gain considerable experience in the world as he or she “moves” about in the environment.
Activities are planned according to the developmental needs of our children and are integrated into a theme based curriculum that resolves around the children’s interest, community events, and the cultural traditions of our families. We feel these activities motivate children to learn, nurture a feeling of pride, and make school a fun place to be.